Malaria is endemic in 91 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. It is spread by the female Anopheles mosquito. Malaria kills more than 400,000 people annually. A child dies from malaria every 2 minutes especially in sub-Saharan Africa.Today is World Malaria Day, an occasion to highlight the needs for continued investments and sustained political commitment for malaria prevention and control.
If the mosquito cannot bite its human host it cannot transmit malaria. Thus, people should be advised and encouraged to wear light-colored protective clothing that covers their whole body. Mosquitoes are attracted to the dark and likewise to people in dark clothing. Mosquito nets act as a mechanical barrier and prevent the mosquito from biting humans and transmitting the opportunistic plasmodium parasite.
Nets that have been treated with an insecticide have been shown to be highly effective in the control of malaria and reducing the severity of malaria in children. In rural areas, they will prove to be very valuable because pregnant mothers and mothers in general tend to sleep on the same bed with their young children.
Early diagnosis and treatment of malaria also prevents death from the illness. Do not abuse drugs, ensure to get tested before taking treatments, and make sure to finish your drugs even if you feel better after few days!
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